You Can Not Fail With Composting
Composting is just like cooking, but you do not have to eat the ‘cake’. In order to succeed 100% when composting you must understand the basics and follow through. It’s not rocket science, and anyone can do it, and unless you make a lot of effort to ruin it, you will probably succeed. You need the right ingredients, you need to know what to mix in, and have a proper oven to create your compost. That’s it. For better results some maintenance is recommended during the compost ‘cooking’.
Compost is a natural process of microorganism which decay organic materials. It will happen anyway as every matter rots and decays eventually. The composter just creates the best environment for this process to happen.
100% Foolproof Mixture for Composter
Like when preparing a large sandwich you need double amount of bread compared to the cheese or ham you place inside. The ‘bread’ of the composter is also known as ‘brown’ which are carbon rich materials, which break down and will be most of the weight of the future compost. These can be leaves, twigs, dry lawn, straw, hay and even newspaper.
The active part which decays much faster and will spice the mixture is the “green” nitrogen part of the sandwich: General Garden Waste | Fruit Wastes | Grass Clippings (fresh only) | Coffee Grounds | Vegetable Scraps | Food Scraps.
So now we know the main materials (carbon and nitrogen) we need to to create the compost. There are two more ingredients that without them nothing will happen, and that’s oxygen and moisture. We will get to these two soon.
100% Foolproof Compost Mixture Ratio
Basically what ever you put in a composter will eventually rot and decay. The rule of thumb you need to remember. Too much “brown” material, and the process will be slower. The carbon breaks up slower than the nitrogen. Adding too much nitrogen “green” materials and the mixture will be smelling like chicken manure.
Yo may have read the ideal carbon : nitrogen ratio (C:R) should be 25 to 1. This is true but most people think it means adding 25 pounds of “brown” for each pound of “green”. This is not the case.
First of all every organic material has both carbon and nitrogen in it. So the ratio should consider their basic ratios before trying to pile them together. Wet moist “green” products have a 20-30 : 1 carbon to nitro ratio. Dry “brown” products have a higher ratio 60-80:1 carbon to nitro ratio. But the chemistry should not bother you.
For regular cooking of home compost try and keep the 5:1 ratio, 5 buckets of “brown” to 1 bucket of “green” is a foolproof ratio. When adding dry newspaper or hay, spray some water over it to make it moist, as if it was out 10 minutes in the rain.
Moist Not Drowned Mixture
The one who do all the work are the microorganisms, they need oxygen to breath.. If you soak the mixture, they will “drown” and no oxygen will produce the compost you are so eagerly waiting for. If you leave a pile of leaves out in the rain, and leave them there for a few days damp and wet, they will soon begin to decay. Adding “green” rich nitro materials will speed up this process.
Get a Foolproof Composter
You want the composting to be fast and effective. So like in the kitchen a good oven is needed. The composter needs to be large enough to hold the mixture, it should be able to tumble and spin so the mixture inside would get enough oxygen.
Without spinning and tumbling the mixture would just sit inside and rot slowly, like a pile of leaves. But when a tumble and spin is done every 3 days, new oxygen enters and the rotting process is accelerated.
Get a tumbling composter, you will have better and faster results compared to a regular large composter bin. Those bins require lots of patients and can’t be spinned, so the rotting process is always at the bottom, and not decaying the whole mixture evenly.
Where to place the composter in the backyard?
Place it where there is a nice breeze so fresh air could enter the air latches.
It has to be not in direct sun all day, you are not trying to boil the mixture, but create enough heat to speed the decomposition without ruining or destroying the microorganisms necessary for composting.
A good stew needs to rest on slow cooking, so does composting.
You do not have to be a beginner or a composting newbie to add some tweaks to your process. Get a professional composter – a double cabin composter with tumbling feature is a foolproof way to succeed.